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138rendetuanduitubukaocha36tian 77nianqiantanmishennongjiafaxianleshenme

来源:亚博网页版、十堰晚报     |          |     发布日期: 2020-07-28     |     [      ]

(前不久 , 记者前往贾文治考察团曾考察过的阴峪河 , 发现这里仍是人迹罕至的生态宝库 。)

 以神秘奇幻闻名于世的神农架,时至今日还存在无数未知,吸引着无数科学家、探险者。实际上,早在上世纪40年代,原房县县长贾文治就曾带领138人的科学考察团,历时36天、步行600余公里,实现历史上对神农架的第一次探察。返程后,他写下3.6万字的《神农架探察报告》,对神农架山脉、河流、气候等进行了详细记录,为之后的开发奠定了基础。

■wen、tu/jizhe hanyuyan

 

郧县任职期间,对神农架产生向往

lishishang,shennongjiadechengweiyoushenlongshan、shennongshan、shennongjiashan、laojunshan、muchengdeng20yuge,“shennongjia”mingchengzhidaoqingdaicaizhengshijianzhufangzhi。qingguangxushiyinian(1885nian)bianzuande《xingshanxianzhi》yun:“laojunshanqizuigaochuyueshennongjia,xuanyaqiaoli,linmumengrong,renjihanzhi。”

jiawenzhi (1903—1967nian),hebeishengsanhexianren,1931nianbiyeyubeipingzhongguodaxuewenke,biyehouzaishandongshengjiaoyutingrenzhi。1939nian,tabeihubeishengdibaxingzhengduchaqu(sheyuyunxian)zhuanyuanjianbaoansilinggongshuzhuanyuanliuxiangpinweimishu。

zaiyunxianrenzhiqijian,jiawenzhichangtingyunyangmingshi、zhuanshuwenjiaoshichasuyuanyoutanjishennongjiadesenlinziyuan、yerendechuanshuo,suiduishennongjiachanshengxiangwang。

1941nian9yue,jiawenzhichurenfangxianxianzhang。

jiawenzhidezhiribenrencengdaoshennongjiakaicaitongkuang,youyoumeiguozhiwuxuejiashengjiaxun(jiweierxun)daoshennongjialaojunshanyidaitancai,gandaowaiguorenduiwoziyuanhushidandan。yushi,tajuedingtanchashennongjia。

未雨绸缪,两次派员探察神农架

1941nian10yuechu,jiawenzhidanrenxianzhangjin1geyue,jipailaoguanxiang(bufenshujinshennongjiasongbozhen)xiangzhangjinxirushitanshennongjia。

jinxirucongpanshuihedaoshennongdingbianyuanjiucaiyazilishi7tian,yinxuedaliangjuefanhuiyinyuheyidai。qibaogaocheng:“shennongjiazhouweibaishushiliwurenyan,yiwudaolu,jing7rixingcheng,daodayinyuhenao,zhidashennongjiazhibianyuan,weiderunei,yantusuochazhizhe,weishangaorenxi、qihouhanleng。”jiawenzhigenjuchutanqingkuang,chengwenshangbaoshenqingduishennongjiajinxingtancha。

1942nian4yue,jiawenzhiyoupairenzuojinyibudiaocha。diaocharenyuan4yue12richufazhi26rifanhui,daodashennongjiafujinzhijiucaiya,xiexialexiangxidediaochabiji,binghuizhileyouguanditu。baogaocheng:“shennongjiakuzhuchenglin,shanmuqitian,qihouhanlie,bianrenjifu,changnianluoxue,shanmuweida,zhongsongcizhi,yaocaiyouxixin、dahuang、huangqi、gaobendeng,dongwuyouyehao、xiong、yezhu、hu、baodeng,bingfaxianyizhijing6cunzhangzhishouleizujiyuxuemian。”

jiawenzhigenjuliangcichubutanchadeqingkuang,chengsonglezaidupaiyuantanchashennongjiaderiji,tichukaifayijianjibuzhou,zaiciqingqiuduishennongjiajinxingzhengshitancha。

风餐露宿,历时36天深入神农架腹地

1943nianchun,dangshideshengzhengfujizhuanshujunchengwukuankebo,keyouxianlizixingzuzhitancha。dangnian9yue5ri,dangshidefangxianxianzhengfu、zhongyanglinyeshiyansuohehubeishengnongyegaijinsuogongtongzuzhishennongjiatanchatuan,jiawenzhirentuanzhang,tuanyuanbaokuosenlin、yaowu、nongyi、chumu、gongkuang、turangdengfangmianjishurenyuan138ren。

9yue20ri,tanchatuancongfangxianchengchufa,zhi10yue25rifanhui,lishi36tian,xingcheng600yugongli。xingzouluxianshi:jingjundian、shanggu、shangdahe、fanjiaya、jiudaoliang、xiangyugou、kengzi、dajiuhu、pingqian、zhugongping、taizishangdengshangshennongding,houjingjizigou、caiziya、panshuihe、mawan、dujiachuan。

chufashi,duiwuxingjindejiweijiannan。《shennongjiatanchabaogao》zhongxiedao:“jingmajiagouzhiheihumiaoya,ershilizhiyourenhuyijia,linmubitian,bubudenggao,mobuchuanqiyuyu,hanliujiabei!”zaishennongjiadajiuhuyichuluoshuikongfujin,tanchatuanchengyuanzaoyuliangtiaodushe,“fenyizhangjibi,jianshisheyouduyashenzhang,shebuxingbeiyao,dingyouweixian。”

dajiuhukanchawanbihou,tanchatuanyixingjingpingqian、congping,yantu“jingjicongsheng,wulukezou,shanyushangyugao”,fanguoyizuomingweiyejiayadeshanyahou,laidaozhugongpingluying。zheiyeshitanchatuanchulaihoudiyiciluying,yincidajia“jiejixingfen”。

buliao,tanchatuansuodaizhangpengshuliangyouxian,shangyouminfushushirenwuchuxiuxi,tianlengyouwubeigai,zhidezaidashanshuxiahonghuoqunuan。“shiyejiangyu,zhangpengsixiajielou,qunqiguoxingli,yishouzhangzhizhangpengshiyushuixieliu,xiangshierxiao,minfugengyifujieshi,sesuobuyi。”

zaoshang,dajiazaiyuzhongzuoleliangguobaogusanzhou,meirenchidianmaoyujinfa,“yuzhongbubianfangxiang,zhijianguaishizhengrong,chulimianqian,xunzhiweifanwan,youcizhixiasanshili,jidouqiehua,luzhaiyouzhangaizhongzhong,shaoyibushen,jiyougunshanzhiyu,zhensuowei‘yibubugou’zheye”。

10yue14ri,jiawenzhizhaojiduiyuankaihui,juedingbuguantianqidaoluruhe,yudiertiandengshennongjiading,yikuiquanmao。diertian,yixingrenzaibiandilengshankuzhudeshanjianlinshikaipishijigonglidaolu,jiannanbashe。yantuzhijian“lengshanyibi,guaishilinli,padibo、yingshanhongcongshengqijian,youweidishanzhongsuoweiyou,shiduoyaodongbuwen,fuxiuzhimu,siwaijiduo”,renweishennongjia“suowei‘mucheng’zhe,jicishiye”。

jiawenzhishihouxiedao:“bentuanwangfanxingcheng1200huali,feishi36tian,jinjunanranguilai。”

撰写3.6万字探察报告,认为神农架没有野人

fanhuifangxianchenghou,jiawenzhizhuanxielegongji3.6wanyuzide《shennongjiatanchabaogao》。

chushengyudanjiangkou、jinnian55suideguojialinyejulinchangongyeguihuashejiyuanjiaoshoujigaojigongchengshiwangxiqun,jingguo20yuniandediaocha、shiwushoujiherenwutanfang,renweizheishiyizhizuizaodeyibuquanmianfanyingshennongjiadezonghebaogao,bingduiqizuolexiaozhu。

baogaobaokuotanchazhiyuanqi、tanchatuanzhizuzhi、tanchaxingchengjiyao、tanchaqingxingyijikaifayijianwubufen。qizhong,tanchaqingxingzhongyouguanshennongjiadeweizhi、shanmai、heliu、qihou、tuzhi、senlin(senlinfenbu、linmuzhonglei、senlinmianjijicaiji、senlinzhizhanghai、senlinzhizhufuchanwu)、nongzuo、chumu、kuangchan9gefangmianjiaoweixiangxi,juyouzhongyaojiazhi。

baogaotichulekaifashennongjiadejutiyijian,rupeiyusenlin,kaifaliyong,chenglishennongjiatianranlinguanlichu,shixingfuyuhebaohuyijijinxinglinquandengji,chenglichumuhezuoshebingcongshidaguimochumujingyingdeng。

shennongjiajiujingyoumeiyouyeren,shicicitanchademudezhiyi。jiawenzhiyuduiyuanzaitanchaguochengzhongmeiyoufaxianyerendezongji,yemeiyoufaxianyerenjuzhuguodedifang,suizuochuleshennongjiameiyouyerenshengcunfanyandejibenjielun。jiawenzhihoulaixiedao:“weiqidichanliuzushouzheyouzhi;weiyouyerenzheyouzhi;weichanbaoguiyaowuzheyouzhi;weidushemengshouruhexiongeyuzhiwuxingmianzhegengyouzhi。chuanshuofenyun,milipushuo,huishenghuise,yanrenrenshu,yikaozhishu,gaiwujizai……ranyiyinyuemiaomang,bukezhixinye。”

cengcanyucicitanchadeduiyuansuyuanyou,zai20shiji40niandaimoji1949nianhoucengduociduijiarenjizhouweiderenshuo:“shennongjiayouyerenshiwuchuan,yushushangdetuanduibi,yinggaishiyizhongxingxinghuozhetixingjiaodadehouzi。”

buguo,wangxiqunrenwei,shangshiji40niandaidezheicitancha,chubujiekaileshennongjiadeshenmimiansha,shiweishijielejieshennongjiadekaishi。


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