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liuminanjiagengzhong zhengfuzhubingfangshou bafangshangjiayunji huanglongtanmingqingshiqizuifanhua

来源:亚博网页版、十堰晚报     |          |     发布日期: 2020-08-08     |     [      ]

 
 
 

 (保留至今的黄龙古建筑依然气势恢宏 。)
 

“叶大州府门楼县,皮鼓好似金銮殿;问你为啥不到黄龙滩,我没事不到外国转。”这首至今还流传于堵河流域的民谣,形象而生动地反映出黄龙滩曾经的繁华与荣耀。

■wen、tu/tongxunyuan yuxuecheng jizhe heli

 

躲避战乱,流民在此安家耕作

youyuedediliweizhi,shuiliangchongpeideheliu,lilaiweibingjiabizhengzhidi。erlishishangdehuanglongtan,cengjingshizhanluannianjianliumindeanshenzhisuo。

huanglongtanpingtanfeiwodetudi,fengfudeshanlinziyuan,chengweifujinliuminkenhuanganjia、duobizhanluandelixiangzhisuo。mingwanliliunian(1587nian)《yunyangfuzhi》juanzhishijiu·shuilijizai:“jiuqingpingyanxianxijiushili。”gaiyanweishiyandiqujiaoweigulaodediyanzhiyi(weiyuxianhuanglongzhenjinpingcunjingnei)。shuilisheshidexiujianhecunzai,fanyingliuminzaihuanglongtananjiagengzhongyichengguimo,huanglongtandenongyeyijuyoujiaogaodeshuiping,tongshiyeweijingjidefazhantigongleyidingdebaozhang。

mingchenghuashiernian(1465nian)zhi1967nian,502nianjianguishuyunyangfuyunxianguanxia。mingwanliliunian(1587nian)《yunyangfuzhi》juanwu(chengchi·cunzhen)jizai:“huanglongcun,xianxiqishili,jihuanglongtandian。”cixinxibujinshimuqianfaxianhuanglongtanzuizaodejizai,gengshitishi,zhishaozaicishi,huanglongtanyirenkoujuju、cundianxingcheng、shangyejianxing。

mingmoqingchudenongminqiyijiazhiziranzaihaipinfa,zaochengduheliuyutudihuangwu、shishijiukong。qingkangxinianjianshixing“zishengrendingyongbujiafu”dezhengce,yongzhengtuixing“didingheyi,tandingrumu”decuoshihou,renkouzengzhangjiakuai,yunyangshanqugulikenhuanggengzuo,dapiwaidiyiminfengyongerzhi,cujinlenongye、shougongyefazhan,hanjiang、duheliuyurenkouliudongjiakuai,hangyunmaoyizhujianfanrong。

乾隆盛世,黄龙滩逐步走向繁荣

huanglongtanpingjielinjinduhezhiyoushi,zhanjutongzhufanglianyunyangfuchengzhibianli,jieshuiwenditanzhitiaojian,chengweiduhehangyundezhongyaozhongzhuanjisanzhidi。

qing《hubeitongzhijiancungao·shihuokao》jizai:daoqianjiashiqi,hubeibujinyuanyoujizhendeyihuifuhefazhan,erqiehaixingqiyidapixindejizhen……hanshuizhixi,yunxianyouhuanglongzhen……congqianlongshiqikaishi,huanglongtantarulelishishangzuihuihuangdejieduan。

jiaqingernian(1797nian)《yunyangzhi》juanyi·guanaijizai:“huanglongzhenxianxibaiershiliyijiangyuxunjianzhucibingshetangbingfangshou;jiangyutangxiandongbaibashilijiaohenanxichuanxianjieyuanshexunjianyiyuanqianlongsanshiwunianyizhuhuanglongzhenjianbobianbingfangshou。”

jiaqingshisinian(1809nian)《yunyangzhibu》guochao·junzhi(zeng)jizai:“zhenshouyunyangdengchuzongbingguanyuanyiyuanxiazhongqianzuoyouying……qianyingdousiyiyuan(jiaqingqinianshe),shoubeiyiyuan,qianzongeryuan(yizhuyunxian,yizhuhuanglongtan)。”

neishidehuanglongtan,shidangshiyunxianjingneiweiyixunjianzhushou、qianzongzhuanguan、bazongxiefang、tangbingfangshouzhidi,tuxianxianzhixinanshuiluyaochongguanaizaiyunyangfubantuzhongzhanlvediweidezhongyao。

商家云集,黄龙古镇曾热闹非凡

suizhejingjidefazhan,huanglongtanshangshangpujuji。benshengwuchang、huangzhouyijishanxi、shanxi、jiangxisishengwudihuiguanjujiyuci,bianshizuihaodezuozheng。

duhezhipan,sandamatouqiangweirulin,chuanpengxianglian,“baijiang”、“yashao”、“qiuzi”chuantingmanhebian,meiribaigezhengliu、qianfanjingfa。chengdundebaihuo、bupi、shengtie、shiyan、meiyoudengrichanggongye、shenghuoyongpincongchuanshangxiewangzhenshanggedashangpu;chengdaidemuer、xianggu、chaye、yaocai,chengkundelongxucao、huozhi、jingtiaoshanzhu、tongyou、shengqidengshanhuocongjieshangtaixiaheandengdaiyunchu,heanbianlaodonghaoziciqibifu。chuanbatouxingchuanqihangzhiqianshaoxiangketoujibaiheshen,zaishuifumiao(zhongjianyuqianlongsishiwunian)zhongqidaohangyundeshunlianquan。

yuanchuxianfuneihouzhongxiongzhuang、youyangcuguang、yiyangduncuodehaozisheng,chuangongneijicugaoang、fuyoujiezoudekouhaosheng,dangqihuichang。tiaofuguangzhejiaoban,dingzhelieri,jiantiaobeikangzhechenzhongdehuowu,bianyaohebianxingjinzaiwanglaichuanzhi、matou、jiedaoshang,xiewanhuohoujujizaihejiexibeijiaodecaowuzhongxidierzuo,cazhehanshui,xiaoxindijiangbatoufenfadegongqianzhuangruqiandai。

matoutiaofumenxingchengdezuzhijiao“jiaozibang”(tuhuayin“jue”(ersheng)zibang),“jiaozibang”jiushikaojiaolishenghuozhengqianderen,shifenxinku,erqieshehuidiweidixia。“jiaotaqingshiban,shenpimadaipian,jiazhuluxipeng,silecaodianjuan。”zheiduanshunkouliufanyingle“jiaozibang”tiaofudeshenghuozhuangtai。

baocunzhijindehuanglongguzhen,yezhengshizaineishizhubuxingcheng。zhengzuoguzhenmianxiangjianghe,duheshuizehuanraoerguo。sitiaojiedaogeyoufengong,zhixujingran。

hejie、qianjie、houjie、shangjieshangpulinli,jieshangxixirangrang,rentouzandong,renaofeifan。yaopu、tiejiangpu、qianzhuang、chaguan、tesecaiguan、kezhandengyingyoujinyou。gezhongxiaochi、chaguan、shangpudexiaoermenzhaohuzhegedidekeshangmen,chashui、mianshi、gaodian、chaocai、zhengcai,gezhongkouweiyiyingjuquan。

bianbingqimachuanyuejiedaozhibenqianzongshu,chuandizheyunyangfuzuixindezhiling。xunjiansishuwaizhuangyansujing,xunjianweiyanduanzuoyudatangzhishang,chulizhezhianjiufen。

zhushoudetangbingsanwulieduixunfangyumatou、jiedao。zhenshangdeshuifumiao、sanyimiao、bailongmiao、dinghuisidengdaxiaomiaoyuxiangwuliaorao,xiangkeluoyibujue。fojiao、daojiao、tianzhujiaozaidanwanzhididehuanglongtangongcun,gediwenhuazaicijiaoliupengzhuang,huxiangronghe。

清末民初,黄龙滩逐步走向没落

suizhesuiyuegengti,huanglongtansihuwanchenglelishishiming。zaifanrongzhihou,yuqingmominguochunianzhubuzouxiangmeiluo。buguo,yiranzaifahuizhezuoyong。

huanglongtansidahuiguanzhiyidejiangxihuiguan,zaiqingwanqiguangxunianjiancengzuowei“yixuetang”,erdaoleminguoshiqi,zheiliyiduchengleyunxianhuanglongtanqichexiuchechangchejian,weiyunsongkangrizhanzhengwuzidecheliangtigongweixiubaozhang。

daolekangrizhanzhengqijian,laobaigonglugaixian,haicengzaihuanglongtanshelidukou,zhihouyousheliguofangkongshaosuo。

1948nian12yue,huanglongtanjiefang。1967niansheli“yunxianshiyanbanshichu”,huanglongtanhuachuyunxianbantu。1969nianhuanglongtanshuikudonggong,huanglongdaqiaojianchengtongche。huanglongtanduhehangyuncongcichenji,xirifanhuabuzai。

qingzhuanmatouqiang,huiwaxiaotianjing,jianzhengyouzhangdelishi;liuchuandegushi,chuanchengdeminsu,yanxuzheguzhendexiwang。rujin,qinlaodehuanglongrenminqidaizhefuxingjiyizhongdehuanglongtan。


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