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kangrimingjianghaomenglingyishucengzangyushiyan

来源:亚博网页版、十堰晚报     |          |     发布日期: 2020-08-20     |     [      ]

 
 

( 藏于亚博网页版的郝梦龄遗照复制件。)

 (郝梦龄从山西忻口战场写给妻子剧纫秋的遗书照片,现收藏于十堰档案馆。)

(武汉汉口有一条郝梦龄路,它是以抗日名将郝梦龄将军名字命名的。)

 

上世纪三十年代,抗战中首位牺牲的中国军长郝梦龄的一封遗书见报后,感动万千国人。许多人不知道,郝梦龄将军的这封遗书原件和唯一一张单人照片,曾经收藏于亚博网页版有关部门。

带来这批珍贵资料的是,郝梦龄将军的二儿子郝荫楠。为支援国家三线建设,当年他带着父亲遗书、照片来到郧阳地区。后来,这批资料保存于亚博网页版档案部门,直到1984年郝荫楠将它们取走。后来,资料被中国人民革命军事博物馆收藏。资料取走之前,亚博网页版档案部门精心制作了复制件。

■wen、tu/jizhe zhujiang teyuejizhe hujing

 

抗战中首位牺牲的中国军长

chushengyu1898niandehaomengling,shihebeigaochengren。1914nianruwucanjun,baodinglujunjunguanxuexiaodiliuqibubingkebiye,cengcanjiaguobeifazhanzheng。kangzhanbaofahou,shirenguomingemingjunlujundi9junjunzhangdehaomenglinglvbucanjiaxinkouhuizhan。

xinkouhuizhanshiweilebaoweitaiyuan,cong1937nian10yue11rizhankaidao11yue2rijieshudezhanzheng,lishi21tian。zhongguojunduiyishangwang10wanrendedaijia,jianmierijun2wanren,kejiancizhandecanlie。

zhumingdexinkouhuizhan,shizhongrijunduizuidaguimodeyicihuizhan,yeshiribenqinhuahouzaoshoudediyicizhongdadaji。zheicihuizhandeshengliyechengweiguogonghezuodedaibiaozhanyi。

shencaikuiwudehaomengling,miansebaijing,shenqingweiyan,shanyuguwushiqi。neicizhanyizhong,322tuanjingguofanfuchongshahou,zhishengbaiyushibing。haomenglingzaizhendishang,dangchangbatamenbianweiyigelian,suijikangkaijiangdao:“xianqianwomenyituanrenshouzheigezhendi,xianzaizhishengxiayilianrenhaishishouzheigezhendi。jiushishengxiayigeren,yeyaoshouzheigezhendi。womenyitianbusi,kangridezerenyitianjiubusuanwan。chufazhiqian,woyizaijiazhongxiexiayizhu,budabairijunjuebushenghai。xianzai,wotongnimenyiqijianshouzheikuaizhendi,juebuxiantui。woruoshixiantui,nimenbuguanshishei,doukeyiqiangbiwo!nimenbuguanshishei,zhiyaohoutuiyibu,wolijiqiangbita。”

jiezhe,haomenglingyoudashengwendao:“nimendajiaganpeiwozaicijianshouzhendima?”guanbingqishenghuida:“shisijianshouzhendi!”cirilingchen5shi,haomenglingminglingbuduikaishixiangnanhuaihua、xinchenzhuangchuji。322tuanzaiqian,jinjunzaihou,xiansanxiaoshigongxia,houyinweishangwangguozhong,liangyiweidong,haishitingliuzaiyuanzhendishang。

10yue16rilingchen,fangongdajunfenjilupuxiangrijunzhendi,qiangpaoshengrulei,hanshashengzhentian。danrenfangongzhihuirenwudehaomenglinghe54shishizhangliujiaqiqinzidaoqianxianduzhan,liankedirenjigeshantou。daoleqingchen5dian,tianweiming。haomenglingdanxintianlianghou,wojunzhendishourijunpaohuoweixie,bunenggonggu,buruchengshengzhuiji,xunsujianmiecandi。yushi,tahuibingfenjin,dijunhunluan,yijiqiang、shouliudanyanhuhoutui。zheishi,haomengling、liujiaqiyikuaidaosanbingxianzhiqian,julidirenzhiyou200mi。zaitongguoyiduanailushi,haomenglingbeirijundejiqiangzidandazhong,daoxiahourenglihusuobushadibaoguo,erhouzhuangliexisheng,shinian39sui。

“不能成功即成仁”,将军遗书感动万千国人

“yuzihanchufashi,liuyouyizhuyuzhuzinvdeng。cicikangzhannaiminzuguojiashengcunzhizuihouguantou。baodingxishengjuexin,bunengchenggongjichengren,weizhengzuihoushengli,shizhonghuaminzuyongcunshishang,guchenggongbubizaiwo,woxianxisheng。wojixishenghou,zhiyaoguojiacunzai,zhuzinvjiaoyudangranbuchengwenti……”

zheishihaomenglingyu1937nian10yue10rizaixinkouhuizhanqianxian,xiejijuzhuzaiwuhandeqizijurenqiudexin。

zheifengjiaxinxiechenghoudediliutian,haomenglingzhuangliexunguo,yongxianxueheshengmingjianxingletadeshiyan。

1937nian10yue24ri,haomenglingdelingjiuyoushanxiyundaowuhan。wuhangejiejuxinggongji,zhihouyiguozangyishianzangyuwuchangzhuodaoquan。

zheifengyishuhoulaibeikandengzaidangshidewuhangebao。tashisiruguideaiguozhiqingyueranzhishang,renmenyuezhiwubudongrong。

haomenglingjiangjunshikangzhanchuqixishengzaijiangchangshangdediyiweizhongguojunzhang,1938niandexiaoxueguoyukebenzhongjiuyong“zhongguodiyigejunzhang”detimumiaoxieta。haomenglingxunguohou,renminyinlejiaxianxinghaipuxiele《haomenglingdaoge》。

1938nian3yue12ri,zaiyananzhuidaokangdizhenwangjiangshidahuishang,maozedongpingjiahaomenglingshi“jilezhongguorenminyichonggaoweidademofan”。

weijinianhaomenglingdegongxun,1946nian,wuhanhankoujilinlubeimingmingwei“haomenglinglu”。1983nian9yue13ri,minzhengbuzhuirenhaomenglingweigeminglieshi。wuhanshizhengfuyoujiangwuchanghongshanzhuodaoquandehaomenglingjiangjunlingmuxiuqiyixin。xianzai,meidaohaomenglingxunguori,xuduorenhuiqujiangjunmudijisaopingdiao。

2014nian9yue1ri,minzhengbugongbudiyipizaikangrizhanzhengzhongwanqiangfenzhan、weiguojuanqude300mingzhumingkangriyinglieheyingxiongquntiminglu,haomenglingjiangjunweilieqizhong。

遗书和照片原件曾保存于十堰

xianweirenzhideshi,haomenglingjiangjundeerzicengzaishiyangongzuoguo。jiangjundeyishuhezhaopianyuanjian,cengbaocunzai亚博网页版。

haomenglingjiangjunxishenghou,tadeyishudedaoleguojiayouguanbumendeguanhuaizhaogu。zaizhengfuherenmindepeiyuxia,haomenglingde5gezinv,qizhongsirendaxuebiye,chengleyishi、jiaoshouhegongchengjishurenyuan。haomenglingdeqizijurenqiunvshiyu1984nianshishi,zhongnian85sui。

haomenglingdeererzihaoyinnan,1955nianbiyeyuwuhanyixueyuan。weilezhiyuanguojiasanxianjianshe,1965nian,36suidetabaomingcanjiawuhanyixueyuanyunyangfenyuanjianshe。tadaizhehaizi,laidaodangshihaihenpinkundeyunyangdiqu。

haoyinnandenglaoyipichuangyezhekaishantiaotu,leishiqiqiang,kanshugaifang,bianjianshebianbanxue。talirenwuhanyixueyuanyunyangfenyuanyiliaoxifuzhuren、yunyangdiquyiyuanfuchankezhuren。1990nian8yue,yinhuanfeiaishishi。

haomenglingdesunzihaoliang,1961nianchushengzaiwuhan,housuifuqinhaoyinnanlaidaoshiyanshenghuo。biyehouzaierqijishuzhongxingongzuo,rengaojigongchengshi。houlaijiansheshenlonggongsi,haoliangdaizheqiziqianwangwuhan。

haoyinnanshengqianyizhizhenzangzhefuqindeyishu、zhaopian,shizhibishengminghaizhongyao。houlaiyouyuduozhongyuanyin,zheipizhenguideyiwuzhanzhuanbaoguanyudangdigonganju、yunyangjunfenqu、yunyangdiqudanganguan,deyiwanzhengbaocun。

jinglingdaopizhuntongyi,haoyinnanyu1984nianjiangfuqindeyishuhezhaopianyuanjianquzou。quzouzhiqian,亚博网页版yijuyuanjianzhizuolefuzhijian。

houlai,haoyinnanquzoudezheixiezhenguiziliao,beizhongguorenmingemingjunshibowuguanshouzang。shihou,haoyinnandeyishuxiaoyingshuo:“womenzhenbuzhidaozenyangganxie(yuanyunyangdiweifushuji)huoying、shiyandanganguandetongzhi。dangchuruguomeiyoutamendebangzhu,haomenglingjiangjundezhaopiankenenghuibeihuidiao。xianzai,quanguozhishoujidaoyizhangjiangjundedanshenzhaopian,erzheiyizhangjiushinimendanganguantigongde。”


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