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shusongbingli、yungouliangcao、baozhangjiaotong,shiyanweikangzhanshenglizuochujudagongxian

cengyou11wanshiyanrenfuqianxiankangri

来源:亚博网页版、十堰晚报     |          |     发布日期: 2020-09-15     |     [      ]

 

十堰境内的老白公路路段(资料图片)。

 

今年是中国人民抗日战争暨世界反法西斯战争胜利75周年,十堰人民为抗日战争作出巨大贡献。市档案馆二级调研员桂柏松经过研究发现,抗战期间,十堰曾为抗日前线补充兵力达11万多人,还为抗战工作修筑过多条国防通道,向抗日前线捐赠大批财物。

■jizhe heli

位置特殊,十堰遭到日军频繁轰炸

20shiji30niandai,ribenjunguozhuyihanranfadongqinhuazhanzheng,zheichangqinlvezhanzhengjizhonghuaminzudailaileshenzhongdezainan。

1938nian6yue,rijunnanbeijiaji,xuzhoulunxian,guominzhengfujundiwuzhanqu60wanbuduixiangyunanheebeizhuanyi。

1938nian10yue,guangzhou、wuhanlunxian。1939nianchu,diwuzhanqusilingzhangguanbuqianzhulaohekou,fangyuxifanzhirijunzhuli,eshouzhongqingherushanruchuantongdao。diwuzhanquzhangguanbuzhuciyue6nianshijian,xianhoujinxinglesuizao、zaoyi、yuxiebeisancihuizhan,shicidichengweizhongguokangrizhanzhengdezhongyaozhanchang。junxian(xiandanjiangkou)、yunxian(xianyunyangqu)zeweizuihouzhifangyuzhendi,exibeidiqusuizhichengweijunshijiyanghebingyuanbuchongdezhongyaojidi,jiazhiyushiyanpilindeshanxishengankangyoujianyoumengjundefeijichang,zhanlvediweigengjiatuxian。

youqishijunxiancaodian,yinqituchudezhanlvediweihezhongduodegongguanmiaoyukeyijuzhu,chengweilixiangdekangzhanhoufangjidi。1945nian3yue22ri,zhongrijunduikaishiyuxiebeihuizhan,diwuzhanqusilingzhangguanbuqianzhijunxiancaodian。henanxichuan、hubeilaohekouxiangjilunxian,yunxian、junxianchengweikangzhanqianyan。

yezhengshiyouyushiyandetuchuzhanlvediwei,rijunweidatongxijintongdao,duishiyanpinfanjinxingkongxihongzha。

1937nian“qi·qi”shibianhou,quanguokangrilangchaoriyigaozhang。zaizhongguogongchandangdequanlituidongxia,9yueyiguogonghezuoweizhutidekangriminzutongyizhanxianxingcheng。dapigongchandangyuanhezaiwaiqiuxuedezhishiqingnianfenfenlaidaohuofanhuishiyan,kaizhankangrijiuwangyundong,huanqishehuigejieherenminqunzhongdekangzhanjiqing,kangrizhihuoranbianshiyan。

全民抗日,草店镇被誉为“小延安”

wuhanlunxianhou,hubeishengzhengfujiyixiejigouxiqianenshi,yixieshengzhijigouhedapikangrituantiyunjijunxian,wudangshanxiadecaodianzhenyishijianbeiyuwei“xiaoyanan”,chengweiexibeikangrijiuwangyundongdezhongxin。

yicaodianweizhongxin、caodianzhijunxiancheng30gonglideyanxianjizhen、cunzhuanghegongguanmiaoyu,zhumanlediwuzhanqugezhongjunshijigou、gediliuwangdenanmin、dapicongwuhandengdichechudezhonggongdangyuan、gejiezhimingrenshijikangrijiuwangzuzhi、shehuituanti,ruzhongguodiyizhanshiertongbaoyuyuan、hubeishengzhanshixiangcungongzuocujinhuifuwutuan、diwuzhanqujunminwenhuazhan、ebeizhanshijiaoyugongzuocujinhuijunyunbanshichu、wuhanxiaoxuejiaoshikangzhanfuwutuan、caodianfunvkangrijiuwanggongzuocujinhuideng。

zaidibazhuanshusuozaidideyunxian,zhuyouguominzhengfudi68jun、dierjituanjunlianggeshi、hubeishengbaoansilingbudebuduiheshiguanqu(tuanguanqu)dengjunshijigou,haiyoujunzhengbu26、153、158sangehoufangyiyuanyijidiwuzhanquziyuanweiyuanhuigongyeguanlibubeifudiliuchang、dibachang、diqijunxujudenghouqinbaozhangdanwei,shandong、anhui、henandengdidapiliuwangshisheng、nanminyezhuzhacidi。qitagexianyedouzhuyoudapiguomindangjunzhengjigoujiquanguogezhanquliuwangshishenghenanmin。

kangrizhanzhengshiqi,shiyansuiranbushuyulunxianqu,danshiyanrenminweilebaojiaweiguo,tongchoudikai,gongfuguonan。dangnianjinyou166wanrenkoudeshiyan,jiuyoushiduowanrexueernvyingzhengruwu,benfuzhanchangshadi;baiyuwanqunzhongjuankuanjuanwu,gongyingjunxu,jiuzhunanmin;shushiwanminfukaihangdao,xiuluqiao,zhugongshi,songshangyuan。shiyanrenminyijudadexishenghequanbudeliliang,weiwoguokangrizhanzhengtigonglejianqiangdezhicheng,weizhongguorenminkangrizhanzhengshenglizuochulebukemomiedegongxian。

输送兵力,逾11万十堰人奔赴前线抗日

kangzhanqijian,shiyanxianshidahoufang,houyouyanbianweiqianyanzhendi。jutongji,guominzhengfuconggexianzhuangdingzhongzhengfabingyuanda111032ren;1937nianyunxian34mingzhishiqingnianziyuancanjiashanxiqingniankangrijuesidui,1944nianyouyou47mingzhishiqingnianziyuancanjiayuanzhengjun,lingwaiqitagexianhaiyou731mingzhishiqingnianziyuancanjiayuanzhengjun(fangxian97ren、zhushanxian83ren、zhuxixian51ren、junxian500ren)。

cong1936nianzhi1945nian,shiyangongyou111844renyingzhengruwu,zhijiecanjiaduirizuozhan,zhan1936nianshiyanzongrenkoude6.74%。

zaikangzhanqijian,shiyanhaicengzhengyongminfu3749322ren(ci)yongyixiuzhuguofangdaolu、junshizhendi、jiuzhushangyuan、yunshujunxuwuzi。

ju1943nian《hubeishengtongjinianjian·kangzhanyilaibenshengzhengyongminfu》jizai,jiezhi1942nian9yueyunxianzhengyongminfuyida249080ren。lingju《yunxiankangzhanshiliao·bingyiyugongyishishiqingxing》bufenjizai:“kangzhanchuqibenxianweizhanshihoufang,yiqiejunweizhanzhengzhunbei。quanxianminzhongchuzhengzhuangdingjilaoruoyouxiaozhewai,fannianman18suizhi50suizhinanzimobufugongyi,suoyouxiuzhudaolu、gouzhugongshiyubanshuilidengjieximinlijuban。1944nian1yueshishiguominyiwulaodongfa,gongbianzuduiyuan33359ren……xiuzhuliangyunbiandao、junyunbiandao、xiubulaobaigongludenggongshiyongmingong20yuwan。”

jushiliaojizai,zaikangzhanqijian,shiyan6xiangongfengjiao、zheng(wei)goujunliang977768shi。

保障交通,十堰修建多条抗战运输通道

weilebaozhangkangzhanqianxiansuoxu,shiyanjingneihaixiujianleduotiaoyongyiyunshubuduijihouqinbaozhangwuzidejiaotongyunshutongdao。qizhonglaobaigonglu、hanbaigonglu、bakerenxingdao、baofangzhuyiyundadao、yunzhuwuyiyundadao、junyunshanyiyundadaodouweikangrizhanzhengdeshenglizuochulebukemomiedegongxian。

laobaigongludongqilaohekou,xiduhanshui,jingshihuajie、tuguanyajinruyunyangjingnei,zaijingcaodian、shiyanchengqu、huanglongtan、jiangjunhedizhongdianshanxishengbaihexian,quanzhang230.2gongli。shiyanshijingneizhang176.17gongli,shiexibeizuizhuyaodeshengjilianluoxian。1935niangailujianchengtongche,tongnianxiaqiuzaohongshuisunhui,1936nian10yuexiufu。1937niankangrizhanzhengbaofa,guominzhengfuqiandouzhongqing,lianluoeshanliangshengdelaobailuchengweidiwuzhanqulianluohoufangheyunsongjunshijiyangdeweiyiluxian,shiyanduociduigailujinxinggaijianhexiushan。

hanbaigongluqiyuanyushanxihanzhong,jingzhuxi、zhushanxianjinghou,fanyueeshanjiaojiechudejielingzhishanxibaihexianyulaobaigonglulianjie,quanzhang521.52gongli。1934nian11yuedonggongxingjianhanzhongzhiankangduan,1936nian10yuetongche。weiyulaobaigongluxiangjieyiyingzhanshijixu,zaiguominzhengfujunshiweiyuanhuideyanlingducuxia,1937nian8yuezhi1939nian2yuexujianhanbaigongluankangzhibaiheduan。shiyanjingneiziguanyaqizhijielingzhi,zhang101.2gongli。1939nian2yuequanxianguantong。

bakerenxingdaoyoumingbayuanrenxingdao,qizibadongxian,zhiyujunxianyuanheguan,quanzhang311gongli。zheitiaorenxingdaojunzaichongshanjunlingzhongyuhuichuanxing,gongchengjiweijianju,shihubeishengkangrizhanzhengshiqizuixianjianchengdeyiyunganxian,qieweigoutongexibeiyuexinandeweiyijiaotongyunshuxian。

baofangzhuyiyundadaoqizibaokangxian,tujingfangxian、zhushanxian、zhuxixian,zhishanxishengpinglixian,quanzhang215gongli。1942nian,yinzhanshixuyao,jingguominzhengfujunweihuihezhunxiujian。

yunzhuwuyiyundadaoziyunxianchengqi,nanxingjingbaihe、xiaoling、xigou、yaoping、zhushanxiancheng、liulindidasichuanshengwuxixian(xianshuzhongqingshi),quanzhang303.6gongli,1942nianxiujian。

1944nianxiujiandejunyunshanyiyundadaoqizijunxianxiancheng,jingyunxian、yunxixian,zhiyushanxishengshanyangxiandemanchuanguan,quanzhang320gongli。


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